Plant Form: Medium tree.
Size: 8-20 m tall, sometimes taller. Can occasionally be creeper in coastal heath.
Stem: Hard grey or grey-brown, with finely cracked and scaly bark.
Leaves: Typical casuarina, tiny leaves form rings around long thin drooping branchlets in segments.
Flowers: Clusters with pollen on the tips of branchlets, male flowers are brown, female are bright red and hairy appearance.
Fruit and Seeds: Rounded cones on stalked heads, with reddish to white hairs when young, mature to woody. Release winged nutlets when mature.
Habitat: Riverbanks, floodplains, swamps, dunes.
Distinguishing Features: Very hard to distinguish from other casuarinas and can hybridise.
Impacts: Increases soil erosion, reduces biodiversity, can form dense thickets reducing river access and amenity.