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Plant Form: Shrub to small tree.
Size: Up to 5 m tall.
Stem: Masses of erect branched stems, juvenile stems have small hairs.
Leaves: Long narrow hard, needle like. In crowded whorls of 4 on stem.
Flowers: Large clusters of many white small bell-shaped flowers.
Fruit and Seeds: Capsules containing many seeds.
Habitat: Forests, woodlands, riparian areas, shrublands, roadsides.
Distinguishing Features: Needle-like leaves in whorl distinguish from native heath and is much taller than other invasive heath like Spanish heath (Erica lusitanica).