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Plant Form: Upright heathy shrub.
Size: Up to 1.5 m tall.
Stem: Young stems green and hairy, older stems woody and thick.
Leaves: In whorls of 3 or 4 at stem nodes, small green and narrow to 7 mm long.
Flowers: Bell shaped, white or pinkish, in clusters of 3-4 forming masses in upper branches.
Fruit and Seeds: Small capsule to 3 mm long with numerous tiny seeds.
Habitat: Grassland and open woodlands, pastures, roadsides, coastal heathland.
Distinguishing Features: Distinguished from native heath species (Ericaceae) by leaves in whorls rather than alternately arranged.