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Plant Form: Erect perennial herb.
Size: Up to 1 m tall.
Stem: Upright, fleshy 2-5 cm thick, bluish-green with milky sap. Die off after flowering.
Leaves: Small, oblong to oval shaped, 5-30 mm long, thick and hairless, turn reddish with age. Densely overlapping on stem.
Flowers: Tiny, yellowish green, crescent shaped in small cup-shaped organs. Clustered at the tip of branches.
Fruit and Seeds: Capsule 3-5 mm long with three egg shaped seeds, in large green stalked ovary.
Habitat: Dunes, beaches, estuaries, coastal grasslands and shrubland.
Distinguishing Features: Can look similar to other spurges (Euphorbia species), but distinguished by growing location and densely overlapping, somewhat fleshy leaves.