Plant Form Tussock-forming perennial rush. Size Up to 2 m tall. Stem Continuous, dense, uninterrupted pith. Are also leaves. Leaves Long and narrow in grouping of 2-5 from stem (which is also leaf) giving plant a hemisphere-like shape. Flowers In dense clusters 4-13 cm long. 1-6 flowers per cluster, 5-50 clusters per flowerhead. Greenish or reddish brown. Fruit and Seeds Brownish capsule, darker in upper surfaces, 4-6 mm long, oval to egg shaped, with pointed tip. Each contains many seeds. Habitat Roadsides, gullies, pastures, riparian areas. Distinguishing Features Generally with more pointed stems and leaves than other Juncus species, and typically forms a tighter, more hemisphere-shaped tussock. Impacts Replaces native vegetation, forms barrier to waterways with spiky leaf tips, harbours pests. Spiky leaf tips can injure.
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