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Plant Form: Shrub to small or medium tree.
Size: Up to 12 m tall.
Stem: Dark reddish-brown to blackish, rough. With straight white, dark-tipped, paired thorns up to 25 cm long.
Leaves: Up to 12 cm long, in 8-20 opposite pairs of small oblong leaflets.
Flowers: Yellow, globular, typical acacia wattle-like flowers. With sweet scent.
Fruit and Seeds: Woody, sickle-shaped pods up to 16 cm long, with slight constrictions between the seeds.
Habitat: Dry scrub, open woodland, grasslands, dry watercourses, dunes.
Distinguishing Features: Fruit helps distinguish from Prickly acacia (Vachellia nilotica).