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Plant Form Perennial tussock grass.
Size Up to 1.5 m tall.
Stem Erect, producing leaves at nodes.
Leaves Blades 30 cm long, smooth, hairless or with sparse covering of soft hairs, flat or somewhat in-rolled. With small flap over where joins with stem.
Flowers Contracted head up to 25 cm long. With many spikelets surrounded by bracts up to 1.5 cm long, which are straw coloured or translucent.
Fruit and Seeds Sharp pointed 6-9 mm long pale brown to purple with wart-like growths. With twice-bent awns 3.5-6 cm long.
Habitat Pastures, grasslands, open woodlands.
Distinguishing Features Difficult to distinguish from other exotic Needlegrasses (Nassella species) but can be distinguished from native spear grasses (Austrostipa and Poa species) by crown-like structure below seed awns.