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Plant Form: Large shrub or small tree.
Size: Up to 5 m tall.
Stem: Greenish and hairless to dark brown furrowed with age.
Leaves: Oval shaped, 2-8 cm long, with serrated edges. Dark green and shiny above, paler underneath.
Flowers: Inconspicuous greenish or yellowish flowers, up to 3 mm long, in small dense clusters.
Fruit and Seeds: Small berry-like fruit 3-7 mm long which ripen from green to red, and then black or brown. Containing 3 hard nutlets.
Habitat: Coastal scrub, woodlands, old gardens, riparian areas.
Distinguishing Features: Serrated leaf edges and red to black ripe fruit.