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Plant Form: Thorny densely-branched shrub or small tree.
Size: Up to 10 m tall.
Stem: Young stems zig-zagging with single curved thorn at each joint, mature stems woody and fibrous.
Leaves: Oval or egg-shaped 2-8 cm long, dark green and glossy above, and whitish or rusty and hairy underneath. Alternately arranged on short stalks.
Flowers: Small, inconspicuous greenish white, unpleasant smelling.
Fruit and Seeds: Cherry sized 2-5 cm diameter, pale yellow to reddish orange when ripe, look like little apples.
Habitat: Floodplains, watercourses, roadsides, disturbed sites, pastures, open woodland.
Distinguishing Features: Larger fruit than other Ziziphus species, fruits are fleshy rather than hard shelled in Strychnine tree (Strychnos psilosperma).