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Plant Form: Subshrub.
Size: Up to 1.5 m tall.
Stem: Square in cross-section when young.
Leaves: Opposite, undivided, egg-shaped to oval, up to 9 cm long, notched to toothed edges, on 1.5 cm long stalks. With densely hairy underside.
Flowers: Usually whitish, tubular with five lobes, on long, thin, curved spikes above the mass of leaves.
Fruit and Seeds: Up to 6 mm long, dark brown to blackish, splitting into two one-seeded fragments.
Habitat: Forests, bushland, roadsides, disturbed areas, streams, gardens, plantations, pastures.
Distinguishing Features: Leaf undersides densely hairy, whereas Cayenne snakeweed (Stachytarpheta cayennensis) and Jamaica snakeweed (S. jamaicensis) are hairless or sparsely hairy on veins.